Text size:

  • Small
  • Normal
  • Large
William Dalrymple, accompanied by singer Vidya Shah, reads from the The Last Mughal at the Sharjah International Book Fair in Sharjah. Charles Crowell for The National
William Dalrymple, accompanied by singer Vidya Shah, reads from the The Last Mughal at the Sharjah International Book Fair in Sharjah. Charles Crowell for The National

In tune with history at the Sharjah International Book Fair

One of the highlights of the Sharjah International Book Fair was a reading of The Last Mughal set to music. We talk to the author William Dalrymple.

The audience at the Sharjah book fair was transported to the splendid Mughal Delhi of the 1850s, the cultural capital of North India under Bahadur Shah Zafar's rule, as William Dalrymple read from his book The Last Mughal and the singer Vidya Shah accompanied him with her soulful renderings.

Through his book, Dalrymple leads us into an interesting era of multiculturalism: when the British took to wearing Indian clothes, commissioned Indian art and patronised Urdu poetry, while the Mughals participated in Hindu festivals. It was an era of cultural brilliance, boasting the greatest of Urdu poets such as Mirza Ghalib, at a time when the Mughal empire was in decline.

And that's exactly why it's a period Dalrymple loves writing about. He's written a number of books about this period, including The Last Mughal and White Mughals.

"It's not the period most people associate with the great Mughals. I've always loved the period. It's a period not written about much. Everyone is acting contrary to their proposed stereotypes. It saw some of the greatest art produced in India and also the high point of Urdu poetry," says Dalrymple in an interview before the unique musical book reading at the book fair.

"It's [in] the last flickering of the lamp that you get the most extraordinary flashes of brilliance And to have a period where so much is going on and so little is written about it is like [being] a child in a sweet shop," he says.

But as Dalrymple reads out lines about the Mughal decline, the British emerging supreme and the fear among Indians, the mood of the evening changes and Vidya Shah renders a sad, stirring musical piece, Dil Hi Toh Hai, by Ghalib.

So how did the idea of combining a book reading with music come about?

"Mixing music and words makes both more interesting. Music with a bit of literary narrative comes alive," he explains.

"Vidya's done amazing work and found on her own, often from ethnographic surveys done during the Raj, these lyrics and melodies which directly reflect the content of the book. So we started with The Last Mughal and we have taken it to Singapore, Washington, Hay-on-Wye. This is the first time in the Arab world."

Emotions swell as Dalrymple reads out how Zafar was imprisoned in his own stables and finally exiled after the mutiny of 1857, when Indian soldiers revolted against their British officers, stirring patriotic passions.

Shah, who is trained in Hindustani classical music, heightens emotions in the room by rendering an elegy on the devastation of Delhi and ends with what is believed to be Zafar's last verses, one of whose lines translates as: "Now I am a person of use to none."

What is also reflected in Dalrymple's books is his love for the Indian capital, which he also calls his second home.

"I keep coming back to Delhi because I write about it. It is oddly unwritten. Delhi, despite being the capital, is more of an unloved city as its population consists of refugees or migrants now.

"I was a man keen on Middle Eastern archaeology. I wanted to dig in Iraq and Syria, but at the last minute Saddam Hussein closed down the British School of Archaeology. My best friend was off to India so I got on to the plane with him and I'm still there."

Another strong current that runs through his books is a quest to uncover the multiple facets of spirituality or religion.

"That's probably because I grew up in a very monocultural, provincial Scotland. And suddenly, at 18, to arrive in an entirely different world where there were five different religious holidays celebrated in a single week, many languages I was completely bedazzled by India from the very beginning," he says.

And he could write endlessly about South Asia. "After 30 years, I feel I could keep going without a writer's block."

His next book, Return of a King: The Battle for Afghanistan, is a retelling of the First Anglo-Afghan War.

"The idea for this book started in 2008 when the Afghan war started going wrong. I had read a book called The Great Game by Peter Hopkirk and I suddenly saw that history was retelling itself."

Ask him why people should know their history and Dalrymple is quick to reply. "In the absence of knowledge about one's culture, there's a lot of myth-making. You get a 'chutnified' version of history and you have things going badly wrong."

Back to the top

More articles

Editor's Picks

 Hajer Almosleh, the winner of the last year's short story competition, at her home in Dubai. Duncan Chard for the National

Get involved with The National’s short-story competition

Writers have two weeks to craft a winning submission, under the title and theme "The Turning Point".

 It is believed that the desert-like planet of Tatooine is being recreated for Star Wars: Episode VII. Could that be where filming in the UAE comes in? Courtesy Lucasfilms

Could the force be with us? The search for Star Wars truth

On the hunt for the Star Wars: Episode VII set, which a growing number of people are sure is in Abu Dhabi, but no one can seem to find.

 With an estimated 18,000 comic and film fans having already paid a visit to this weekend’s Middle East Film and Comic Con, organisers are hopeful they will have surpassed last year total, of 21,000, by its close. Jeffrey E Biteng / The National

In pictures: Middle East Film and Comic Con in Dubai

Dubai's World Trade Center was awash with people visiting this weekend’s Middle East Film and Comic Con. Here's some of our best pictures.

 Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak, the Minister of Culture, Youth and Community Development, presents Quincy Jones with the Abu Dhabi Festival Award as the Admaf founder Hoda Al Khamis-Kanoo applauds. Courtesy Abu Dhabi Festival.

A candid talk with Quincy Jones about the UAE, Lil Wayne and the Abu Dhabi Festival award

The Abu Dhabi Festival honoree Quincy Jones discusses his legendary career as a music producer, the return of Dubai Music Week and why he can’t handle the rapper Lil Wayne.

 Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince George of Cambridge arrive at Wellington Military Terminal on an RNZAF 757 from Sydney on April 7, 2014 in Wellington, New Zealand. Chris Jackson / Getty Images

In pictures: Will and Kate visit Australia and New Zealand

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince George of Cambridge are on a tour Down Under for three weeks.

 A protester gives a victory sign during clashes near Tahrir Square in Cairo in November 2011. Goran Tomasevic / Reuters

Street life: humanity’s future depends on ability to negotiate and sustain public space

Negotiating our ever more crowded cities and maintaining vibrant public spaces are among the major challenges facing humanity in the coming decades.


To add your event to The National listings, click here

Get the most from The National